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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy that has taken the present shape since 1949. Prior to this and as of 1921, it was known as the Emirate of Trans-Jordan. Jordan has 12 governorates, including the capital city, Amman. The legal system is based on Islamic law and French codes.


Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East; bordering Saudi Arabia to the east and south, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, Israel / Palestine and the Dead Sea to the west, and the Red Sea to the south-west. Jordan has a total area of 92,300 square kilometres, including a 26 kilometre coastline along the Red Sea at Aqaba Bay, the only sea port in the country.


Jordan enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with very hot summers reaching up to  40°C, and cool winters reaching 0°C.

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  • Capital: Amman

  • Population: 7,930,491

  • Currency: Jordanian Dinar (JOD)

  • Exchange rate: USD 1 = JOD 0.710 (pegged)

  • GDP (PPP):

    • Total: $39.3 billion (2012 est.)

    • Per capita: $6,100 (2012 est.)

  • GDP (nominal):

    • Total: $29.2 billion

    • Per capita: 4,674